There are two main types of dental extractions – simple and surgical. A simple one involves removing teeth that are easily seen and the dentist can reach without any issues. In many cases, a local anesthetic is use to reduce any discomfort.
The surgical one is when an incision is required to get access to the teeth to remove. This can occur when a tooth has not fully formed beyond the gum line or fractured below the gum line. For this procedure, general anesthesia is frequently used and may be done in a hospital setting.
Naturally, your dentist will do a simple extraction when it is possible. They are easier to do and have fewer negative effects but sometimes the more complicated one is needed for the best dental health moving forward.